Despite being four-legged, canines and felines are anatomically very similar to humans. The Musculoskeletal system is responsible for movement and any abnormality in its structure can impair the normal functioning of the musculoskeletal system. common abnormalities are associated with injury and include:
- cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture and fractures comprise the majority of musculoskeletal abnormalities
- congenital anomalies affecting bone or cartilage development, such as elbow and hip dysplasia
- bacterial or fungal infectious diseases such as Lyme’s disease, Rickettsia infections, and Blastomycosis.
- Osteoarthritis affecting the joints of hands, knees, and hips.
- Nutritional and metabolic disorders such as weakened bones due to kidney failure
- Development of tumor affecting the bone e.g., osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and fibrosarcoma
Dogs and cats are more prone to musculoskeletal abnormalities. Treatment includes surgical intervention to repair the damage. For recovery purposes, rehabilitative care includes a combination of weight management, exercise restriction, pain management, and nutritional supplements.