The neurological system in the cat’s body is responsible for the communication of different systems within the body. The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves that branch out from them to communicate via signals throughout the entire body.
Based on anatomy, the nervous system is divided into two major parts.
- Central nervous system:
It includes the brain and spinal cord.
- Peripheral nervous system:
The peripheral nervous system consists of all the nerves that originate from the brain and spinal cord and innervate areas of the body.
The nervous system is controlled by two different categories.
- Somatic nervous system:
The somatic nervous system controls the voluntary actions and activates the skeletal muscles of the pet for navigation.
- Autonomic nervous system:
The autonomic nervous system transmits signals for involuntary movements in the body which are not in control of your pet such as the heart, lungs, and intestinal tract. An abnormality in the neurological system may be indicated by weakness, seizures, inability to walk, pain, and certain behavioral changes. Certain conditions can lead to abnormality in the nervous system of cats that include:
- Congenital abnormalities such as cerebellar hypoplasia