The pancreas, although a small organ in size plays a huge role in food digestion and regulation of blood sugar. The pancreas is divided into two sections based on its function.
- Exocrine pancreas which is larger and secretes digestive enzymes that are involved in the breakdown of proteins and fats in the food.
- The endocrine pancreas is smaller in size and secretes hormones that regulate blood sugar.
- Abnormalities that are common in the pancreas include:
- Inflammation of pancreas or pancreatitis. Cats having pancreatitis have symptoms that include lethargy, loss of appetite, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
- Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency- inability to produce an enzyme that regulates blood sugar levels
- Diabetes mellitus- failure to produce a hormone that controls blood sugar levels