Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to the infection of the urinary tract. UTI is more common in female dogs as compared to male dogs due to differences in the length of the urethra. In females, the shorter length of the urethra makes them predisposed to developing UTI as opposed to male dogs who have longer urethra. Symptoms of developing UTI include crying out while urinating, straining while urinating, and blood in the urine. To diagnose the UTI, your vet will take the urine sample and a urine analysis or urine culture will confirm the presence of UTI. The antibiotic course is prescribed by the vat and the condition resolves within 10-14 days. However, in case of reoccurring UTI or persistence of the conditions, further investigation should be carried to search for the underlying causes and complicated factors including urinary bladder stone, chronic kidney disease, Cushing’s disease, and anatomical defects of the urinary bladder.