Urogenital Normal

The reproductive system of female dogs includes ovaries which are a site for the production of unfertilized eggs and the uterus which is composed of two horns. Female dogs which no longer need to breed are spayed by surgically removing the uterus and ovaries from the reproductive tract. This not only prevents overpopulation but also avoids the possibility of getting deadly infections. If dogs are spayed before the first estrous cycle, the chances of getting mammary cancer later in life are significantly decreased.