Female dogs that will no longer be used for breeding are spayed. It is recommended to spay them before the onset of the first heat cycle. Spaying before the first heat cycle prevents the occurrence of unwanted pregnancies and minimizes the chances of getting affected by uterine cancer and other life-threatening infections in later years of life. Spaying refers to the removal of ovaries and uterus by surgical procedure. Spaying is a common procedure but needs recovery time as it is a major surgery involving the whole abdomen.