Gastric Dilitation Volvulus

Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) is a lethal condition, mostly seen in large breed and deep-chested dogs e.g., German Shepherd and Great Danes.  The exact cause of this condition is still unknown but it usually occurs after 2-3 hrs. after eating. In this condition, the stomach dilates, distends, and twists upon itself which results in blockage of blood supply. This bloated stomach can also decrease the blood flow to other abdominal organs by compressing the large blood vessels. Dogs with GDV experience abdominal distention, vomiting, and regurgitation.  Diagnosis is made based on the history, physical examination, and abdominal x-ray. Emergency surgery may be required to treat GDV which places the stomach in its normal position and restores the blood supply to abdominal organs. Through surgery, the stomach is sealed to the body to prevent GDV, although this does not stop bloating.