The Papillon is called Continental Toy Spaniel; the ancient toy spaniel gets its name from the feature butterfly-like look of the fringed and long hair on the ears.


The Papillon came from France, where it had been named for its unique ears. Papillon implies butterfly in French. Although not all have erect ears: The drop-eared type is called the phalene. The breed was referred to as a dwarf spaniel and their origin may go back to the 13th century.

Physical Appearance

The Papillon is part of the toy group. A small, fine-boned breed with a style that belies its frolicsome characteristics.


Eight to eleven inches


Five to ten lbs.


14 to 16 years


  • Friendly
  • Cautious
  • Joyful
  • Active
  • Clever

Susceptible Diseases 

  • Patellar Luxation
  • Tracheomalacia
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy 
  • Open Fontanel

Care and Grooming

The Papillon may need regular brushing and bathing. Based on lifestyle, this pleasant small dog could be bathed as often as weekly, about no less than once in six weeks. Maintaining healthier coat and skin is of significant importance.